Terminology[ edit ] Coined by psychology professor Jeffrey Arnett, emerging adulthood has been known variously as "transition age youth",   "delayed adulthood",  "extended adolescence", "youthhood",  "adultolescence",  and "the twixter years". This is because people in this age group in the United States typically live at home with their parents, are undergoing pubertal changes, attend middle schools and high schools and are involved in a "school-based peer culture".
During this transition, young people become more independent and take on adult responsibilities. However, this transition is difficult for those with disabilities such as FASD.
Osgood, Foster, Flanagan, and Ruth have studied the transition to adulthood in several vulnerable populations. They point out that these young people face additional difficulties. Problems include limitations in their skills, such as cognitive or learning problems, behavioral difficulties, and lack of family support for the transition.
This occurs at a time when transition services might be most needed.
Osgood and colleagues describe two parts of the transition: Moving into adult roles, including work, educational, and social roles. Learning to manage adult life. This aspect includes making housing arrangements, maintaining health, and avoiding negative outcomes such as substance use, mental health problems, and trouble with the legal system.
Young people with FASDs are likely to have problems in a number of areas.
When they try to move into adult education and work roles, they may have difficulty due to limited cognitive skills and schooling. Problems with math, memory, or processing information can limit job opportunities.
Attention problems and social skill difficulties also may make it difficult to hold a job. This may be especially true for jobs where customer service, attention to detail, or getting along well with others in the work environment are important.
Studies of adults with FASDs who have been in clinical treatment show that problem behaviors also may occur; these include involvement in illegal activities or substance abuse. Support from family and professionals will help adolescents with FASDs move into adulthood.
Family members also can help by checking into programs or classes that are available for job training. Providing structure also may mean providing supervision in some situations.
It may be necessary for family members to supervise the young adult in handling money.
Family members may need to set up accounts and then make sure that they oversee transactions. Monitoring who the young adults are spending time with and their activities may be helpful in avoiding problem behavior.One reason young people marry later is that a much larger percentage of young people attend some form of college, creating a longer transition time between adolescence and adulthood, Arnett says.
Before and the passage of the GI Bill of Rights for returning World War II veterans, only a small percentage of high school graduates went to.
Introduction: Eating behavior often becomes unhealthier during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood, but not much is known about the factors that drive this change. We assess the available evidence on this topic through a literature review and pay special attention to the research designs employed in the studies available as well .
Conceptions of the transition to adulthood were examined among adolescents (age 13–19, N ), emerging adults (age 20–29, N ), and young-to-midlife adults (age 30–55, N ). Challenges of Adulthood.
Challenges of FASD in the Transition to Adulthood. All young people face challenges in moving from adolescence to adulthood. During this transition, young people become more independent and take on adult responsibilities.
However, this transition is difficult for those with disabilities such as FASD.
Emerging adulthood is a phase of the life span between adolescence and full-fledged adulthood which encompasses late adolescence and early adulthood, proposed by Jeffrey Arnett in a article in the American Psychologist. The passage to adulthood: Challenges of late adolescence Nicole Zarrett, Jacquelynne Eccles values, and social capital necessary to make a successful transition into adulthood.
Late adolescence and the period following, often referred to as emerging adulthood, semiautonomy to assist the transition into young adulthood.