The basic difference is that the Founding Fathers wrote the Declaration of Independence and the Framers wrote the Constitution.
The Constitutional Convention of The Issues: Why was the Convention called? Did it do what it was expected to do? Who were the major players at the Convention? What were the key compromises that were made in Philadelphia?
Introduction ByAmericans recognized that the Articles of Confederation, the foundation document for the new United States adopted inhad to be substantially modified.
The Articles gave Congress virtually no power to regulate domestic affairs--no power to tax, no power to regulate commerce. Without coercive power, Congress had to depend on financial contributions from the states, and they often time turned down requests. Congress had neither the money to pay soldiers for their service in the Revolutionary War or to repay foreign loans granted to support the war effort.
Inthe United States was bankrupt. Moreover, the young nation faced many other challenges and threats. States engaged in an endless war of economic discrimination against commerce from other states.
Southern states battled northern states for economic advantage. The country was ill-equipped to fight a war--and other nations wondered whether treaties with the United States were worth the paper they were written on.
On top of all else, Americans suffered from injured pride, as European nations dismissed the United States as "a third-rate republic. In Rhode Island called by elites "Rogue Island"a state legislature dominated by the debtor class passed legislation essentially forgiving all debts as it considered a measure that would redistribute property every thirteen years.
The final straw for many came in western Massachusetts where angry farmers, led by Daniel Shays, took up arms and engaged in active rebellion in an effort to gain debt relief.
Troubles with the existing Confederation of States finally convinced the Continental Congress, in Februaryto call for a convention of delegates to meet in May in Philadelphia "to devise such further provisions as shall appear to them necessary to render the constitution of the Federal Government adequate to the exigencies of the Union.
Few people claim to be anti-liberty, but the word "liberty" has many meanings. Should the delegates be most concerned with protected liberty of conscience, liberty of contract meaning, for many at the time, the right of creditors to collect debts owed under their contractsor the liberty to hold property debtors complained that this liberty was being taken by banks and other creditors?
Convention in Philadelphia The room in Independence Hall formerly the State House in Philadelphia where debates over the proposed Constitution took place photo by Doug Linder On May 25,a week later than scheduled, delegates from the various states met in the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia.
Among the first orders of business was electing George Washington president of the Convention and establishing the rules--including complete secrecy concerning its deliberations--that would guide the proceedings.
Several delegates, most notably James Madison, took extensive notes, but these were not published until decades later. The main business of the Convention began four days later when Governor Edmund Randolph of Virginia presented and defended a plan for new structure of government called the "Virginia Plan" that had been chiefly drafted by fellow Virginia delegate, James Madison.
The Virginia Plan called for a strong national government with both branches of the legislative branch apportioned by population. The plan gave the national government the power to legislate "in all cases in which the separate States are incompetent" and even gave a proposed national Council of Revision a veto power over state legislatures.
Delegates from smaller states, and states less sympathetic to broad federal powers, opposed many of the provisions in the Virginia Plan. Charles Pinckney of South Carolina asked whether proponents of the plan "meant to abolish the State Governments altogether.
The New Jersey Plan kept federal powers rather limited and created no new Congress. Instead, the plan enlarged some of the powers then held by the Continental Congress. Paterson made plain the adamant opposition of delegates from many of the smaller states to any new plan that would deprive them of equal voting power "equal suffrage" in the legislative branch.
Over the course of the next three months, delegates worked out a series of compromises between the competing plans. Most importantly, perhaps, delegates compromised on the thorny issue of apportioning members of Congress, an issue that had bitterly divided the larger and smaller states.
Under a plan put forward by delegate Roger Sherman of Connecticut "the Connecticut Compromise"representation in the House of Representatives would be based on population while each state would be guaranteed an equal two senators in the new Senate.
By September, the final compromises were made, the final clauses polished, and it came time to vote. In the Convention, each state--regardless of its number of delegates-- had one vote, so a state evenly split could not register a vote for adoption.
In the end, thirty-nine of the fifty-five delegates supported adoption of the new Constitution, barely enough to win support from each of the twelve attending state delegations.
Rhode Island, which had opposed the Convention, sent no delegation. Following a signing ceremony on September 17, most of the delegates repaired to the City Tavern on Second Street near Walnut where, according to George Washington, they "dined together and took cordial leave of each other.The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.
Southern states battled northern states for economic advantage. The country was ill-equipped to fight a war--and other nations wondered whether treaties with . What exactly is the Electoral College — and why did the Founding Fathers embrace it instead of creating a direct presidential voting process?
Tara Ross (vetconnexx.com) These are just two questions that attorney and author Tara Ross — a staunch defender of the Electoral College system.
BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF OUR FOUNDING FATHERS For a short biographies of each of the Founding Fathers who were delegates to the Constitutional Convention, select the states below. (* indicates delegates who did not sign the Constitution) Connecticut Ellsworth (Elsworth), Oliver* Johnson, William S.
Sherman, Roger Delaware Bassett (Basset), Richard. Founding Fathers were trying to solve. They faced the difﬁcult question of In the Electoral College system, the States serve as the Centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes in the United States.
The very people who had been condemning parties. vetconnexx.com ® Categories History, Politics & Society History History of the United States Founding Fathers Who wrote the US Constitution? SAVE CANCEL already exists.